Index of Medieval Art

Index Spotlight Series: Jessica Savage

This blog post is the second in a series focusing on members of the Index staff. Today we will be introducing Jessica Savage.

What is your background and specialization?

I am an Art History Specialist in Western medieval art, specializing in the art of the medieval book in the later Middle Ages. My research focuses on topics of allegory, gender and personification, and text/image relationships, especially the deep-rooted iconography of religious personifications and their textual associations in the Psalms. My background is in studio art, and I initially trained in fine arts at Pratt Institute in New York. My first art history survey course at Pratt, now twenty years ago, commenced with a discussion of the Venus of Willendorf and I haven’t looked back since! I completed my postgraduate training at Christie’s Education in London and earned my MLitt degree in the History of Art from the University of Glasgow. Here, I wrote my thesis on the iconography of pilgrim’s souvenirs in late medieval England. In 2010, after briefly working as a manuscript specialist for an auction house in New York, I joined the Index to catalogue manuscripts for the joint digitization project undertaken by the Index and the Morgan Library & Museum. This was an enriching start to my Index career, which allowed me great digital access to remarkable manuscripts and their iconography. Later, I pursued an education in library and information science at Rutgers and earned my MLIS degree with a focus on archives.

Manuscript page with decorated frame and medallions and large initial Q enclosing female personification at beginning of Psalm 51. Bury St. Edmunds Psalter, made in the 12th century. Now housed in the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, MS. Reg.Lat.12, fol. 62r.
Psalm 51 initial enclosing a female personification inscribed “oliva fructifera” in the Bury St. Edmunds Psalter, 12c. (Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, MS. Reg.Lat.12, fol. 62r).
Charcoal drawing of six hands in different gestures.
Hand studies by Jessica Savage, 2002.

What research projects are you working on currently?

For the Index, I continue to catalogue illuminations of late medieval manuscripts photographed by Princeton Professor Emeritus James Marrow, as well as contribute research for items in the Index card catalog not yet entered into the database, focusing on manuscripts and ivory objects. I am working on a few independent research projects for various conferences and publications. My first project, in collaboration with scholars at the University of Tübingen, is a study of the almsgiving Mercy figure, wearing the olive-tree crown, in the forthcoming volume “Different Aesthetics: Acting Personifications in the Middle Ages.” This study looks at the expression of this charitable personification in an early medieval illuminated Psalters and considers their representational potential and role in conveying meaning. A second project considers a little studied manuscript Prayer Book (Prague, 1466) made for king George of Poděbrady, now housed in the Morgan Library (MS. M.921). This research focuses on the visual relationships within the small cycle of devotional illuminations produced at the fifteenth-century Bohemian court under the queen’s commission. Also, I’ll be presenting at the sponsored session of the Society for Emblem Studies at the virtual Kalamazoo conference this year with new work on the medieval sources of emblematic images inscribed with psalm verse and their subject standards.

What do you like best about working at Princeton?

I like best that my days at the Index are full and interesting. Some days I spend looking at an object in our archive, making trips to the library to check references, or answering a research question. Other days I might be editing images, or cleaning data so it is more easily searched in the system. The angles to searching Index information are adaptive, and it’s fun to find a new route to discover parts of the collection and share these finds with researchers and colleagues. Moreover, Princeton offers a supportive environment for those of us engaged in research, and many opportunities for attending lectures, workshops, and conferences in any number of topics.

What travel experience played a role in your becoming an art historian?

There were several travels as a graduate student in the UK that played a role. However, one unexpected experience was more recent and closer to home. A few months ago, I rediscovered a statue of Jan Hus (1369–1415), the Czech theologian, Church reformer, and martyr, in my hometown on Long Island. The statue of Hus, holding a chalice (the symbol of Utraquist belief in full communion), was erected in Bohemia, New York in 1893. It is one of only two statues of Jan Hus in the United States and predates the establishment of the Hus memorial in Prague’s Old Town Square by twenty-two years. I am currently researching the 1466 Prayer Book of George of Poděbrady (Morgan Library, MS. M.921), belonging to George, the Utraquist king of Bohemia, who ruled in the turbulent decades after Hus’s death in 1415. As you can see from the photograph, I was happy to pay a visit to the important local statue!

Photograph of woman and Index research staff member, Jessica Savage, with raised arm before stone statue of the medieval Bohemian martyr Jan Hus in Union Cemetery in Bohemia, Long Island, New York.
Jessica Savage with the Statue of Jan Hus in Union Cemetery (Bohemia, Long Island, New York), 2021.

What do you like best about being back on campus in person?

After a long separation from the archive and face-to-face conversation with colleagues, it’s wonderful to be back on campus and in the vibrancy of the community again. What I like best about working in the Index is the comradery over our projects and the rigor of the schedule, which makes every day feel like you’re adding to the pot of progress. It’s also great being back in our new space in Green Hall and being so close to the library.


I’m a tea-drinker most days and take coffee, or espresso, on occasion. My regular teas are smoky Earl Grey, Oolong, and an aged black tea from China called Pu-erh. I believe you also can’t go wrong with the perfect cuppa, and I’m fond of the Yorkshire Gold breakfast variety for that. I enjoy everything from the flavors to the steeping process. It’s an art!