Happy Tax Day!

Calling Matthew
Christ: Calling Matthew, Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, N.Acq.fr.16251, fol. 69v, 1280-1290

The middle of April strikes dread (or joy) in the hearts of millions of tax filers.  Since 1955, April 15 has typically marked the end of the tax season in the continental US.  This year, however, filers have received a three-day reprieve to accommodate Emancipation Day in Washington D.C, which is observed on the weekday closest to April 16 when it falls on a weekend.

Dance of Death
Legend, Dance of Death, New York, Morgan Library, M.359, fol. 144r, 1430-1439

Saint Matthew is among the best-known tax collectors in the history of Christian art.  According to the gospel accounts, Jesus encountered Levi (Matthew’s name before his conversion) in the custom house of Capernaum on the northern shore of the Sea of Galilee.  Jesus said to him, “Follow me,” and Matthew obeyed.

A remarkable depiction of Christ calling Matthew appears in the Picture Book of Madame Marie, a thirteenth–century French devotional manuscript now at the Bibliothèque nationale de France in Paris.  The scene takes place beneath sharply-cusped arches and against a fiery background.  Wearing a brilliant blue garment and purple cloak, Christ addresses Matthew, whose money table has been dramatically tilted to reveal neat piles of gold and silver coins.  Thematically related is a fifth-century gold solidus of Pulcheria with the empress wearing an elaborate coiffure and lavish jewels, a macabre Dance of Death featuring a money-changer from a fifteenth century French Book of Hours, and a regal image of the Queen of Coins on a fifteenth-century Italian tarot card.

Coin Queen
Tarot Card: Queen of Coins, New York, Morgan Library, M.630.21, ca. 1450-1480

May the rocks in your field turn to gold! 

Coin
Solidus of Pulcheria, Washington, Dumbarton Oaks, BZC.1948.17.1182, 414-419